The conference “Rivers and territories” organized by the research Institute of Val de Saône on the 13th and 14th of September 2012 has sought to understand the many links that exist between rivers and territories today and also in the long-run and to examine the competitive uses that these links nurture. How do rivers interfere with the organization and the development of territories at all levels, from the major international transport corridors with their marine gateway to the industrial and urban facilities located near the river? The rivers, have they been, are they still or will they again become a factor for territorial integration through the activities they generate, by the networks, by the flow of people or goods exchanged across the valleys, by the cities which are around... Read More
Kinshasa and Brazzaville are the closest capital cities in the world. During the colonial era, the proximity of the two cities created a mutual influence in both the planning and the development of urban identities. « How can we reconcile, through a combined effort, through a new city model, the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial era relics on both banks? » asks Bernard Toulier (*). If the population recognises this heritage as being important and if it can identify with it, can the cultural landscape in the vicinity of the Congo River become a common, shared heritage in the area?
In the thirties, similar racial segregation projects are developed in the capitals of the Belgian Congo (Leopoldville: now Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and the French Equatorial... Read More
You have done a great deal of work on the important changes in the role that nature plays in developed societies. Are rivers stakeholders in this process which is not just symbolic, but also practical in relation to how “objects of nature” are used in a contemporary urban context? What would be their role?
Yes, industrialized societies are discovering, to their great concern, that the physical and biological realms have rules and boundaries which cannot be ignored. Whereas in the past we believed that scientific and technical advancements would free us from these constraints, today we must undertake a radical revision of this Promethean stance. Alongside “objects of nature” (such as climate, biodiversity, soils), rivers occupy their own particular place in this... Read More
The river is poised to act as an urban image. In two decades, its banks have become an essential part of the urban setting. The forms and issues related to the current construction of this landscape are the object of Fanny Romain’s thesis, which will be presented in a Geo-carrefour article. Through the example of Perpignan and Montpellier, two cities in the south of France, through which the Tet and the Lez respectively pass, the analysis explores the pivotal role of the river in the urban project. It follows from this analysis, that the river is called upon as a public policy argument of the city, softening the current urban reorganization and introducing a new sense of public space.
♦ The fluvial landscape is now a widely disseminated theme: the principal indication of this is the... Read More